Carriers have signed contracts of fourth generation mobile telephony (4 g) with the National Telecommunications Agency (Anatel) and, in recent weeks, announced its network providers.
Although they have the obligation to start operating the first cities only in April 2013, some companies now promise to 4 g for this year.
The most controversial point of the FCC, however, continues to receive criticism. Until 2014, 10% of the contracted equipment must have national technology. This percentage rises to 15% from 2015 and to 20% by 2017. Ericsson has tried to make the Ministry of science, technology and innovation (MCTI) a radio developed locally, but failed.
“What makes us apprehensive today is national content requirement,” said Lourenco Pinto Coelho, Vice President of strategy and marketing at Ericsson. The company has A factory in São José dos Campos and a research and Development Center in Indaiatuba, in the State of São Paulo. Brazilian P&D activities were concentrated in software. Because of the demands of 4 g, the company decided to develop equipment in the country. It allocated $ 8 million for the design of Radio 710, CN point-to-point communication, in partnership with the instituto de pesquisas Fitec.
“We were not approved and we lost $ 8 million,” said rabbit. “We are evaluating. We had booked $ 80 million to invest in 2013, in equipment for the evolution of LTE, but now let’s wait. ” Long Term Evolution (LTE) is another name of 4 g technology.
“The radio of the Ericsson was based on an existing product family, and brought a mechanical modification. There has been no modification of electronic circuits or software, “said Virgilio Almeida, informatics policy Secretary MCTI, explaining why the equipment was not approved.
Companies criticize the idea of product with “domestic technology”, since, at present, the large multinationals are in the network, with centers around the world responsible for creating parts of a product. For Adams, this is no problem. “I’ll make an analogy with the Embraer 195 aircraft, which has developed and manufactured in various parts of the world, but is a national innovation. Embraer does everything here. ”
Currently, certification is used for electronics manufacturers achieve advantages like tax cuts and preferably in public bidding. According to Almeida, 79 national capital companies and five foreign capital have sought certification. Of this total, five foreign and national had the certificate is denied.
The suppliers are betting on a relaxation of the rules. “The products are not born more in one place,” said Julie Bell, Director of the Brazilian Association of electrical and Electronics Industry (Abinee). “We will work for the Government to loosen, to set a minimum of local development.” The information is the newspaper O Estado de s. Paulo.
Image courtesy of Alan_D